What is a ‘Full Spectrum’ CBD Oil?
You may have come across the term ‘full spectrum’ used to describe CBD oil – what does this actually mean? To explain this properly, we have to provide a little background information so please bear with us and read on – we promise it’s not too long or complicated
The cannabis genus of plants contains over 500 different compounds including over 130 Phyto cannabinoids with much research underway and more being discovered all the time.
CBD or Cannabidiol is a Phyto cannabinoid.
But besides the Phyto cannabinoids, each plant will make a variety of other types of active compounds such as Terpenes, Flavonoids and Fatty Acids.
Many of the Terpenes and Flavonoids individually have powerful beneficial effects, for example:
A-Pinene. Anti-inflammatory, Bronchodilator, Aids Memory, Anti-Bacterial (also found in pine needles)
Linalool. Anaesthetic, Anti-Convulsant, Analgesic. Potent calming action, Anti-Anxiety. (Also found in Lavender)
Beta Caryophyllene. Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Fungal, Analgesic, Protects lining of digestive tract. (also found in black pepper)
Myrcene. Potent Analgesic, Anti-Inflammatory & Antibiotic, Sedative & Sleep Aid, Muscle Relaxant. Blocks the action of Cytochrome, Aflatoxin B and other promutagenic carcinogens. (also found in hops)
Limonene. Anti-Fungal, Antibacterial, Anti-Carcinogen. Helps with Anxiety &Depression. (also found in citrus)
Terpineol. Sedative effect
Quercetin. Anti-viral, Anti-Oxidant and Anti-Inflammatory flavonoid
The Entourage Effect was first described by Dr Rafael Mechoulam in 1998. He was incidentally the first researcher to identify and isolate both THC and CBD. Essentially, he discovered that the beneficial effects of CBD were greatly improved when accompanied by the natural terpenes and flavonoids of the plant in their natural proportions. In other words, the single most important consideration is not the percentage strength of the CBD oil, but the fact that it contains all of the terpenes and flavonoids found in the source plant and in their respective proportions.
So how does this information relate to the oil you may be considering using? Well for one thing, flavonoids and terpenes are fragile compounds with low boiling points and easily damaged or destroyed by aggressive, high temperature, high pressure extraction methods. We believe that a CBD oil which has been extracted using no solvents, under low temperatures and pressures will always be the best choice. This is why we chose an extraction method that doesn’t produce the highest yields, but always produces the very highest quality.
It’s worth noting that many CBD Oil manufacturers claim that their oil is ‘full spectrum’ when in fact it has been produced by a method that removes or destroys the terpenes. Terpenes are then added to the extracted oil in a separate process. It’s for this reason that there is a flourishing secondary marketplace for terpenes!
It’s also worth noting that CBD oil from even the best CO2 extraction process needs to winterized’ – a process where a solvent (usually ethanol) is added to the oil which is then further processed by heating and freezing to remove plant waxes. This winterization process invariably removes some of the terpenes. We don’t think this method is suitable for producing true full spectrum CBD oil and this is why we do not use CO2 and winterization extraction methods.
So…when we describe our CBD oil as ‘Full Spectrum’, it really is everything it should be – all the CBD, terpenes and flavonoids from the plant, Oil made from only from the top flowers of the plant, (not chopped stems and leaves as many others do), and oil which has been extracted using the utmost care and consideration for the ultimate quality of the product. Try our oil - we believe you’ll agree that it really is the best CBD oil available anywhere at any price.